عنوان مقاله [English]
The concept of kalahas been interpreted differently in Hindu religious traditions. It refers to magic or heavenly power in Vedas while in Hindu Monotheisms such as Advaita Vedanta it denotes to the deceptive and charming power of gods which is understood as illusion especially the enchanting (unreal) nature of universe as the extended phenomenon that is synonymous to Avidya or ignorance over unique property of ultimate truth. In this interpretation, kala is the veil of illusion over Brahman or transcendental truth. It is neither existent nor non-existent and eludes any definition.In Ancient Vedas, kala refers to magical and miraculous power connoting deception and enticement. In his second volume of the History of Philosophy, Radakrishnan states: The word kala in Rig Veda has been frequently used to refer to supernatural power attributed to gods, particularly Varuna, Mitra and Indra, In many ancient songs,kala has been admired as the power protecting the world. kala means deception and enticement which is an inherent previlage of Asuras against Devas with whom She is in an ongoing battle. The word Maya is rarely witnessed in Upanishads as the real basis of Vedante.In The Vaisesika Sutras of kanandakalaisdravya but The problem of Time in indianphilosophyis so difrrent.